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Tuesday, November 21, 2017
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»   Do deaf children become Mukallaf later because of delay in social growth (because of deficiency of word references)?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   retarded people understand the matters like a 12 years old kid and maybe less than that regardless of their high age. Are they exempt f r o m performing religious duties?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Our father, who was the father of 4 sons and 2 daughters, died 14 years ago and had made a will years before his death in notary office. He has defined his permanent wife (who is 88 now) and his elder son, Sayyed Javad (me), as his administrators, and has mentioned that other brothers should participate in administrating the will after growth. Our younger sister was not born at the time of making this will and she is retarded f r o m birth. Now, that she is 41 is it permissible for brothers to be still her guardian? And is this will still applicable? It should be considered that f r o m the time of the death of our father, through these 14 years, brothers have kept her in the best possible way.
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   What is the ruling of the eye of a dead or alive person or an animal which its eye is impure that is transplanted to a blind person and its wetness?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   I am blind . Sometimes, when I am washing my face or hands during performing ablution for prayer my hands goes under the water twice unintentionally and become wet again. Is it also considered as washing once?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   One of the conditions of ablution for prayer is that Mukallaf has enough time for performing ablution and prayer. Now, if a person is blind and doesn’t know that whether he/she has enough time for the foresaid acts or not then what is his/her duty?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   I am a blind person. After performing ablution, I recognized that there is blood or impurity on a part of my body, except the limbs of ablution, which I didn’t have recognized during ablution. What is the ruling of ablution and prayers which I have performed with that ablution?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   blind persons use the raised dots called “Braille” for reading the texts which should be touched by fingers. We know that this system of writing consists of sextet dots. Is it necessary for blind persons to have ablution during learning Qur’an and touching the holy names, considering the above brief?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   I am a blind person. If I touch the highly praised name of god which is written in a place without notice then have I performed a sin?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Is it also necessary for blind persons to have ablution when they touch the text of Qur’an or not?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Abortion for Performing Surgery on the Mother [Pregnancy] A woman has infected with an eye illness that physician has decided to perform urgent surgery, but unfortunately this woman has three months old embryo that should be aborted and then they perform eye surgery and if she doesn’t perform the surgery then she will be blind and it also has lots of damages to the embryo. Is abortion permitted?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Ablution during Touching the Text of Qur’an in Braille [Holy Qur"an] blind persons use the raised dots called “Braille” for reading the texts which should be touched by fingers. We know that this system of writing consists of sextet dots. Is it necessary for blind persons to have ablution during learning Qur’an and touching the holy names, considering the above brief?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   blind Persons to Touch the Text of Qur’an [Holy Qur"an] Is it also necessary for blind persons to have ablution when they touch the text of Qur’an or not?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Is it necessary for blind persons to gain certainty about nonexistence of holy names in a text before touching that?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Your eminence has stated in a previous fatwa that it is obligatory for the father to seek treatment for his child if the child is ill. I seek your guidance and clarification regarding the following: 1. Is it obligatory for the guardian of a child to seek means to prevent illness? For example, physicians recomeend regular visits to a physician prior to any clear illness to detect anemia, cancer, growth problems, or delayed neurologic and intellectual development when it is subtle and early and possibly reversible. 2. There are some dedicated brothers in the North America who have stated that they do not wish to have their children vaccinated. They cite concerns over saftey and the quality of vaccine preparation. Furthermore, they state conspiratorial theories that Western governments are trying to spread AIDS, or, make the children of the developing world sterile and weak. Some persist in their feelings despite my pointing out the use of vaccines in all the major Islamic countries and role of the Islamic Republic in producing and disseminating quality vaccines. As a physician, I have stated that vaccinations save lives and any possible risks associated with them are less than the danger of the illnesses. It is the concensus of medical professionals that vaccinations are in general safe and prevent infectious diseases. I have also noted the principle of istislah in preventing mass outbreaks of illness. Can the guardian of a child still refuse to have their child vaccinated?
Replier: Hussaini Khamenei، Ayatollah Sayyed Ali
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