فارسی
English
العربیه
Sunday, June 25, 2017
12345678910  Next  >>
»   By considering that staff of the fund and its clients follow different Maraji', and Fatwas of grand ayatollahs about banking system are different, what is our duty about religious issues and different mentioned opinions?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   In banks of Pakistan some special papers are being sold which are called "Bond". These papers have the ruling of the check and has constant price. Possibly, the government pays an amount as tip or any other title to the owners of the bonds according to their calculations. What is the ruling of buying these papers and accepting the tips?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   If the debtor wants to give his house and workplace with the day’s price to his creditors because of bankruptcy but the creditors only want cash and put him in prison then does he have the right to reduce f r o m their money because of the time that he has wasted in prison?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   There is a person who performs unwise acts. For example, he gives his money to gamblers and suffices to taking overdraft checks f r o m gamblers, or gives a house to another person while his family needs a house. A) Is it possible to prohibit him f r o m possessing his assets? What is the opinion of religion about this problem? B) Is it permissible for their children to complain to court? C) Is it permissible for the religious governor or the deputy of Faqih guardian (in nonexistence of complainant) to act independently?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   On what conditions, do you consider transactions of non-Mahjoor debtor valid?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Are real transactions that non-Mahjoor (Mahjoor is a person who doesn’t have the right to posses his/her own property) debtor performs without taking money for escaping f r o m the debt valid?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Is the income of the business of the debtor for the creditors after issuance of the sentence of Hajr?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   If the husband divorces the wife in the house, which is not one of exceptions of the debt, and after the divorce the judge issues the sentence of Hajr for him then is the right of living for the Ruj’ie (returning) divorced wife prior to the right creditors (for prorating the properties of the debtor)?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Please answer the following question about Hajr: 1) Is it permissible for the owner to destroy the properties which is more than his/her Ma’oona (the costs of living of a person) or to give to another person in order to be destroyed? 2) What if the debtor owner (Mahjoor or non-Mahjoor) wants to damage the creditors? 3) How is the correctness of the contract in giving the permission of destroying to another person? 4) What is the role of knowledge or ignorance of the permitted person about financial ability or incapability of the debtor owner for paying the debts? 5) Is it permissible for the creditor to take his right by force or retaliation? 6) Doesn’t ordering to nonexistence of permission of destroying the property by the owner have contradiction with generalities of the rule of occupation? 7) How are bestowing, unnecessary bestowing, and “with less than normal price” occupations with the intention of damaging and escaping f r o m the debt? 8) Is the rule of “no harm” the criterion for the foresaid ruling or illegitimate goal (کبیع العنب لیعمل خمراً (like selling grapes for making wine))? 9) Is Muflis (bankrupt) debtor permitted in his/her occupations before issuing the sentence of Hajr by the judge? 10) Is confession of debtor acceptable before or after the issuance of the sentence of Hajr? 11) Is inapplicability or invalidation of contracts with the intention of damaging in gratuitous or non-gratuitous transactions based on the action of the person to whom the properties have been transferred? 12) How is the condition of factitious transactions of the debtor with the intention of escaping f r o m the debt or hiding the properties? 13) Are real gratuitous or non-gratuitous transactions of non-Mahjoor debtor applicable? 14) What is the purpose of pervasive debt of Mahjoor debtor, is it debts with or without moratorium? 15) Who can take the income of business of Mahjoor debtor after issuance of the sentence of Hajr?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   According to the law of financial convictions, which imprisons the debtor without specified time limit, and the incapable and poor debtor should be kept in prison for years and most of creditors doesn’t agree to forgive them because of supports of law, if a person is in prison because of debts to some persons and has known as insolvent because of one of his debts then is sentence of insolvency applicable to his other debts?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Court and psychological commission issue the sentence of Hajr of a person and defendant complains about this sentence. Mahjoor (a person who doesn’t have the right to posses his/her own properties) is sent to psychological commission again and commission expresses that he has background of mental illness but he is now well by using medicine and if he stops using medicine then he is not capable of managing his own tasks. What is the duty of such person and his guardian according to holy religion of Islam? Does he need a guardian in the state of wellness by using medicine or is it permissible for him to posses his prohibited properties?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   On what conditions, do you consider transactions of non-Mahjoor debtor valid?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Are real transactions that non-Mahjoor (Mahjoor is a person who doesn’t have the right to posses his/her own property) debtor performs without taking money for escaping f r o m the debt valid?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Please say about the relation between adolescence and growth: A) Is adolescence correlated with growth religiously? B) If the answer of the first question is negative then is it permissible to consider the age of adolescence as Imarah (reliable assumable proof)? C) In case of separation of growth and adolescence and necessity of proving growth after adolescence, is proving growth necessary only in financial matters or is it also necessary to be proved in non-financial matters? D) If you consider growth necessary in financial matters, is it necessary to prove the growth for possessing all of properties or its necessity is about the properties which are occupied by others?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   A person becomes familiar with a greengrocer during the trades of fruit market. After a while, the greengrocer says that: “I have recently married and has no guarantor for taking marriage loan and no acquaintance either”. The first person, who had no knowledge about the greengrocer and just wanted to help him, takes the greengrocer to a teacher who was taking his salary f r o m that bank and has a far acquaintance with him, and introduces the greengrocer as his brother-in-law and that teacher becomes his guarantor. The greengrocer has taken the loan and unfortunately, doesn’t pay the installments. Accordingly, bank takes the installments f r o m the salary of the teacher. Now, the guarantor demands the installments f r o m the person who has introduced the greengrocer. Please answer the two following questions about this matter: 1) Is the introducer responsible for the installments, which that young person didn’t have paid and the bank has taken f r o m the teacher’s salary? 2) By considering that the teacher has enough documents f r o m the greengrocer in order to take his right legally, is it fair to put the introducer, who has performed this act because of inexperience, under the pressure and demand his money?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser
12345678910  Next  >>

تحلیل آمار سایت و وبلاگ