فارسی
English
العربیه
Monday, February 20, 2017
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»   Is it permissible for some of believer men and women, who refer to fertility and IVF centers for having child and have some deficiency in gamete, to combine gametes which are held in gamete bank with their gametes in artificial insemination by device or not? If they have no sperm or ovum at all then is it permissible to use unknown sperms and ova which are held in gamete bank and if in any of above two conditions a child is born then to whom he/she belongs?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   A repairperson or an authorized reseller installs a gas heater in a person’s house without observing security orders or with technical deficiency or without the hood and accordingly, all members of the family die because of gas poisoning and their guardian of blood complains f r o m the faulter. If the repairperson or reseller has informed technical deficiency or inobservance of security orders or not then who is responsible? And anyway, which type of murder is performed?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   If a person shoots another person assuming that he is attacking him then does it have Qisas?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   How is taking blood money of dead person? Please explain.
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   If death of the dead person and his/her absence causes financial and spiritual damages to a group or the society over damages of his absence to his/her family then is it permissible to increase the previous amount of Diyah which is for compensation of his/her absence in his/her family, because a group and society bear loses over his/her family?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   In a fight, skull fracture and cerebral hemorrhage happened to a person because of deliberate hit of another person. The person was brought to the hospital and two weeks after the surgery his digestive system started bleeding and another surgery was performed (on the duodenum) and after the operation his companions took him to another hospital against the permission of the physician, and he died in the second hospital after two days. Medical commission announced infection which was expanded f r o m blood of abscess trough the abdomen as the death cause and added that some other reasons have also caused death including: A) strike to the head which caused bleeding, seventy percent, B) medical background of the patient, fifteen percent, C) unnecessary and frequent transfers of the patient f r o m hospital, fifteen percent. Please express your opinion about the act of the criminal for murder to be deliberate or indeliberate or paying Diyah of person or limb.
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   If an indeliberate murder is performed then how Diyah should be paid? And how should it be paid if the murder is performed in Muharram and the guardian of the murdered person forgives Qisas for Diyah?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   If a bus hits a van and the driver and the passenger of the van die and police considers the van driver guilty then what is the duty?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   A person had heart disease and his friend joked him on the phone by saying that his son is dead while he was lying, and the person had a heart attack and died. What is the ruling of the matter?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   One day my parents and our family members went to a trip, also they took my cousin with the permission of his parents. During travel all passengers of the car died because of an accident including my cousin. The amount which insurance company has assigned will be paid, is it permissible for my ant and her husband to ask for Diyah of my cousin f r o m the heirs of my parents?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   A repairperson or an authorized reseller installs a gas heater in a person’s house without observing security orders or with technical deficiency or without the hood and accordingly, all members of the family die because of gas poisoning and their guardian of blood complains f r o m the faulter. If the repairperson or reseller has informed technical deficiency or inobservance of security orders or not then who is responsible? And anyway, which type of murder is performed?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   If a person shoots another person assuming that he is attacking him then does it have Qisas?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Two persons have tied up the hands and feet of a 16 years old boy and then have raped him. Rapists have gone to sleep after their ugly act. That young person has beaten one of them in sleep by iron and in result has killed him and has murdered another one with knife after awakening. Is he convicted to Qisas, considering that he has performed these acts for defending himself and by assuming that their blood was wasted?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Ali has a 22 years old sister. Hassan has proposed her several times but her family has rejected his request for marriage. Some months ago, he went to the house of Ali’s family and courted her sister again, but they reject him again. Then Hassan claimed that he has raped Ali’s sister by force! Ali got mad by hearing this expression and killed Hassan by gun. These matters have been expressed by the murderer in different stages of investigation before police officers and court, also his sister has confirmed this matter with a little difference and has also confirmed the expressions of Hassan. What is the ruling of this matter?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser

»   Is judgment procedure at the time of holy prophet (s.a.) and Amir al-Mu’mineen (a.s.) one of unchangeable constant rulings, or the purpose of holy religion is achieving justice and taking the right, and its research methods and tools are variable and according to the needs of time and place?
Replier: Makarem Shirazi، Ayatollah Naser
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